The Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve falls between the Vindhyan hill range and the eastern flank of Satpura hill range and is located in Shahdol and Jabalpur districts of Madhya Pradesh.
The Reserve is named after the highest hill Bandhavgarh (807 m.) in the centre of the Reserve. A chain of smaller hills, 32 in all, surrounds this hill, forming a number of valleys and spurs in between.
Vertical cliffs are more prominent around the Bandhavragh hill.
Interspersed in low-lying areas are a number of grassy meadows,
such as Chakradhara, Rajbahera, Sehra-Dadra, Bhitri bah, Kolua bah etc.
Since the main formation is of sandstone, water percolates through it forming
a number of perennial streams and springs. The western parts of the Reserve and
Panpatha Sanctuary area are more or less plain. The hills are mainly flat-topped.
The meadows in certain areas are marshy.
Sal trees cover low undulating and plain tracts and degenerate in growth and quality as they ascend the hill slopes, giving place to mixed forest on upper slopes, mainly due to edaphic factors.
Gregarious flowering of bamboo in the year 1984-85 has resulted in profuse regeneration all over which is giving good cover to all animals.
A few rare species such as the insectivorous plant Drocera peltata and medicinal plants such as Buch Acorus calamus are found in some isolated patches of the Tala range of the Reserve.
The rivers Johilla and Son flowing on the eastern side, the river Umrar passing through the western fringes and the Bandhavgarh hill, visible from as far as 30 kms., are some of the landmarks of the Reserve.
Bandhavgarh has been an excellent habitat for the tiger and is known for its highest density of tiger population in the world.