About Bandhavgarh

The Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve falls between the Vindhyan hill range and the eastern flank of Satpura hill range and is located in Shahdol and Jabalpur districts of Madhya Pradesh.

The Reserve is named after the highest hill Bandhavgarh (807 m.) in the centre of the Reserve. A chain of smaller hills, 32 in all, surrounds this hill, forming a number of valleys and spurs in between. Vertical cliffs are more prominent around the Bandhavragh hill. Interspersed in low-lying areas are a number of grassy meadows, such as Chakradhara, Rajbahera, Sehra-Dadra, Bhitri bah, Kolua bah etc. Since the main formation is of sandstone, water percolates through it forming a number of perennial streams and springs. The western parts of the Reserve and Panpatha Sanctuary area are more or less plain. The hills are mainly flat-topped. The meadows in certain areas are marshy.

Sal trees cover low undulating and plain tracts and degenerate in growth and quality as they ascend the hill slopes, giving place to mixed forest on upper slopes, mainly due to edaphic factors.

Gregarious flowering of bamboo in the year 1984-85 has resulted in profuse regeneration all over which is giving good cover to all animals.

A few rare species such as the insectivorous plant Drocera peltata and medicinal plants such as Buch Acorus calamus are found in some isolated patches of the Tala range of the Reserve.

The rivers Johilla and Son flowing on the eastern side, the river Umrar passing through the western fringes and the Bandhavgarh hill, visible from as far as 30 kms., are some of the landmarks of the Reserve.

Bandhavgarh has been an excellent habitat for the tiger and is known for its highest density of tiger population in the world.

bandhavgarh NationalPark.com is a subsidiary of MPTourAndTravels.Com,one of the biggest and leading adventure tour company in India. In the website we have tried to give all the required informations that one will need before visiting the national park. We also have wildlife experts in our team who have years of experience in the Indian wildlife.

We can also help you in designing your tour in a way and manner you want it to be. In the site we have given some sample tour packages specially for Bandhavgarh and a combination with other wildlife national parks and sanctuaries in India.

About the Services: We possess a strong association with all the hotels and resorts at Bandhavgarh that enables us to give our clients the best value for their money. This trait of our, makes us the most attractive tour and travel agency for you.

We are prompt in our replies to your queries and this has earned us a reputation as one of the best and most efficient tour and travel operators in India by both our clients and our overseas partners.

At Bandhavgarh National Park we offer the following services:
Arrival and departure services from station and airport.
Hotel Accomodation at Bandhavgarh.
Jungle safari tours ( By jeep as well as Elephant).
Local Transport and nearby excursion.
Tour Packages.

Parrot

The Bandhavgarh Fort in the centre of the Reserve atop the Bandhavgarh hill was the seat of the rulers of erstwhile Rewa State until they shifted to Rewa town in 1617 A.D. The area of the Reserve, with its surrounding forests were the favourite hunting grounds of the erstwhile rulers and were zealously protected as such.

After independence and the abolition of the princely States, the process of degradation of forests accelerated due to lax control. Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa was deeply moved by the destruction of forests.On his proposal, an area of 105 sq. kms. was declared a National Park in 1965.The area of the park was increased to 448.84 sq. kms. in 1982.The area for the old National Park was finally notified in the year 1968.The remaining part of the National Park i.e. 343.842 sq. kms. which is yet to be notified finally.

Considering the importance and potentiality of the National Park, it was included in the Project Tiger Network in 1993. The adjoining Panpatha Sanctuary, which was created in 1983 with an area of 245.847 sq. kms. was also declared a part of the Reserve.

Bandhavgarh was the seat of ex-rulers of the Rewa State and its history dates back to the 3rd Century A.D. Even mythologically, the fort on this hill was built by Lord Rama for his brother Laxman, during the Ramayan.There are about thirty-five man-made caves in Bandhavgarh with inscriptions and carvings, which date back to about 129-168 A.D. Statues of various incarnations of Lord Vishnu, that are carved out of single rock are present in the fort. “Sheshshaiya” the statue of lord Vishnu in reclining pose is the biggest of all and attracts every tourist. These statues date back to the 10-11th century A.D.

Forest Types
Moist Peninsular Low Level Sal- 3C/C2a
West Gangetic Moist Mixed Deciduous Forests – 3C/C3a

Major Flora
Sal Shorea robusta, Saja Terminalia tomentosa, Dhauda Anogeissus latifolia, Tendu Diospyros melanoxylon, Arjun Terminalia arjuna, Aonla Emblica officinalis, Palas Butea monosperma, Salai Boswellia serrata, Bhirra Chloroxylon sweitenia, Gamar Gmelina arborea, Dhaman Grewia tilifolia, Mango Mangifera indica, Jamun Syzygium cumini, Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus, etc.

Major Fauna
The faunal assemblage of the Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve is of typical Central Indian species. The Gaur population of 30+ animals was never a viable population. Most of them seem to have migrated out of the Reserve in 1995 and hardly to be seen now.

Main Species
Mammals: Spotted deer or Cheetal Axis, sambar Cervus unicolor, barking deer or muntjac Muntiacus muntjak, chausinga or four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis, nilgai or blue bull Boselaphus tragocamelus, Indian gazelle or chinkara Gazella, tiger Panthera tigris, leopard Panthera pardus, wild dog or dhole Cuon alpinus, wolf Canis lupus, scavengers consist of hyaena, jackal Canis aurius, wild boar Sus scrofa, sloth bear Mellursus ursinus, common langur Presbetys entellus, Rhesus monkey Macaca mullatta, etc.

Birds: 240 species of birds have been identified in the Reserve. The most commonly seen are the Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Grey Hornbill, Common Teal, Red Wattled Lapwing, Crested Serpent Eagle, White-breasted Kingfisher, Lesser Adjutant Stork, etc.

Reptiles: Cobra, krait, viper, python etc.

Fauna listed in the Schedules of WPA, 1972
Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus, Wolf Canis lupus, Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Ratel Mellivora capensis, Hyaena, Chinkara Gazella and Chowsingha Tetraceros quadicornis Amongst birds are Malabar Pied Hornbill and amongst reptiles Indian Varanus bengalensis and Python morulus.

Area:
Core: 624.752 sq. kms.
Buffer: 536.719 sq. kms.
Total: 1161.471 sq. kms.
Longitude: 80047’15” to 81011’45” E
Latitude: 23030’12” to 23045’45” N
Altitude: 440 m to 810 m above M.S.L.
Rainfall: 1175 mm.
Temperature
Minimum: 20C
Maximum: 440C
Seasons
Monsoon: mid-June to end-September
Winter: November to mid-February
Summer: mid-April to mid-June

There are more than 22 species of mammals and 250 species of birds. Common Langurs and Rhesus Macaque represent the primate group. Carnivores includes the Asiatic Jackal, Bengal Fox, Sloth Bear, Ratel, Gray Mongoose, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Leopard and Tiger. The artiodactyls frequently sighted are Wild Pigs, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Chausingha, Nilgai, Chinkara and Gaur. Mammals such as Dhole, the small Indian Civet, Palm Squirrel and Lesser Bandicoot Rat are seen occasionally. Among the herbivores, Gaur is the only coarse feeder.

There are two main ways of getting about in the park- in a motor vehicle or on elephant back. Many of the animals are now accustomed to both; even soit is best to talk quietly and not make rapid movements. Jeep safaris are best undertaken from dawn until about 10am and from about 4pm until dusk, as the animals are most active during these periods. A Forest Department guide will always accompany you. This guide will be able to direct you and point out wildlife. Elephants are used every morning by the Forest Department for Tiger- tracking. If a Tiger is found, then the elephant will take you directly to the Tiger either from the lodge or from a nearby point reached by jeep/car.

The Bandhavgarh National Park is also famous for bird watching. It has more than 240 bird species. The main bird species at the bandhavgarh national park are white browed fantails, steppe eagles, green pigeons, grey malabar hornbills, black and white malabar hornbills (quite a rare sighting), blossom headed parakeets, parakeets, blue bearded bee eaters, green bee eaters, white bellied drongos, owls, Jerdon's and gold fronted leaf birds, minivets, woodshrikes and the lovely paradise flycatchers.

Wildlife safari timing in the bandhavgarh national park is just like most parks in the country. Timings for the entry and exit from the park vary according to the season. In winters, due to the shorter duration of daylight hours, the morning entry time is later and evening exit time is earlier.

Winter Timings:
Entry:
Morning Safari: 07:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 15:00 hrs
Exit:
Morning Safari: 10:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 17:30 hrs
Summer Timings:
Entry:
Morning Safari: 06:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 16:00 hrs
Exit:
Morning Safari: 09:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 18:30 hrs

Kanha:
Kanha's sal and bamboo forests, rolling grasslands and meandering streams stretch over 940 sq kms in dramatic natural splendour which form the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve created in 1974 under the Project Tiger. The park is the only habitat of the rare hardground Barasingha (Cervus Duvaceli Branderi). By a special statute in 1955, the Kanha National Park came into being.

Khajuraho:
Khajuraho is located in the forested plains of Madhya Pradesh in the Bundelkhand region. Khajuraho is famous for its unique architecture,specially for famous chandela temples.These temples are immortal gift to the world.Constructed by Chandela Rajput kings of central India. These temples are not belongs from any religion and worshipping. The divine sculptures are a tribute to life itself.

Bhedaghat:
Soaring in glittering splendour, the Marble Rocks at Bhedaghat rise to a hundred feet on either side of the Narmada. The serene loveliness of the scene is one of cool quiet, the sunlight sparkling on the marble-white pinnacles and casting dappled shadows on the pellucid waters. These white rocks with views of black and dark green volcanic seams are truly majestic and produce a magical effect on moonlit nights.The holy river flows by tranquilly flanked by the towering cliffs which reflect in it like a mirror the changing moods of nature. A little distance away it becomes turbulent as it plunges in a mighty water fall known as Dhuandhar.

Jabalpur:
Pleasure resort and capital of the Gond Kings during the 12th century, Jabalpur was later the seat of the Kalchuri dynasty. The Marathas held sway over Jabalpur until 1817, when the British wrested it from them and left their impression on the spacious cantonment with its colonial residences and barracks. Today Jabalpur is an important administrative centre, abustle with commercial activity.

Bandhavgarh Fort:
There is no records about when the Bandhavgarh Fort was constructed. It is thought however, to be some 2,000 years old and there are references to it in the ancient books, the 'Narad-Panch Ratra' and the 'Siva Purana'. Various dynasties have ruled this fort: for example, the Maghas from the 1st century AD, the Vakatakas from the 3rd century; the Sengars from the 5th century and the Kalchuris from the 10th century.

Baghel Museum:
Located only 100 metres from the resort, it houses certain precious belongings of the Maharaja of Rewa who maintained Bandhavgarh as his Shikargah, or a game preserve, a stuffed white Tiger still stands in the museum amidst certain personal belongings of the Maharaja.

Village Tala:
To view a day in the life of an Indian village, where the pace of life is still measured by the rhythm of the seasons. The humble dwellings, the mud clustered houses, the elders smoking hookahs sitting on a cot are some of the common scenes which signify that the time stands still in certain areas of the world even today.

Mahaman Pond - Place to Quench the Thirst:
This water hole surrounded by bamboo clumps is an ideal place to watch variety of hervivores and carnivores.

Ketkiha - Pendanus Point:
This wet patch of aromatic plant " Pendanus " ( Kewra ) in the shadow of lofty jammu and arjun trees is the real treasure of floristic wealth of the Reserve.

Climber's Point - Nature's Beauty:
Woody climbers of butea superba and Bauhinia wahlii amidst the giant sal trees offer spectacular view for the tourist.

Bari Gufa - Ancient Monument of Past:
This is the biggest man made cave of the reserve dating back to tenth century.

Three Cave Point - The Archaeological Remains of past:
These caves visible from ganesh hillock road are the mute testimony of rich historical past.

Rajbahera- The Bandhaini Hillock View:
This marshy meadow is the origin of river Dammer.Look for the storks, vultures and herds of cheetal, sambar and wild pigs. View of Bandhaini Hillock is an additional attraction.

Respect and follow park rules.
Never step out of your vehicle.
Keep your children stay calm.
Always keep the camera loaded.
35mm with 400 asa/iso film is advised and carry as many.
70-300mm Lens is ideal and suitable.
Lens hood and Ultra violet filter are must.
Carry a monopod for easy and good maneuvering, as tripods are inconvenient.
For digital users put the camera in fine mode (Picture quality) at ISO 400.
Motor driven cameras are advised for fast and continuous shooting.
Cover your camera with a soft cloth to protect from dust and heat.
Carry a air blower brush (Big).
Carry a beanbag (Small) for resting your lenses while shooting.
Swiss army knife is an essential tool.

The Bandhavgarh National Park is well connected with all the major cities and station in India. Distances from
Major Cities:
Umaria: 35 kms/45 mins.
Khajuraho: 270 kms/6 hrs.
Jabalpur: 190 kms/4 hrs.
Satna: 120 kms.
Delhi: 978 kms.
Gwalior: 565 kms.
Katni: 102 kms.

How To Reach There:
By Air:
Fly from Delhi, Agra or Varanasi to Khajuraho and drive (7-8 hours) to Tala park entrance at Bandhavgarh. Nearest airport from the park is Khajuraho.
By Rail:
Nearest railway station is Umaria after Katani railway station from there it is about 40 minutes drive to Nature Heritage. Alternatively, take the overnight train from Delhi to Umaria and drive (30 minutes) to the park. Only jeeps are available for transfers. Khajuraho/Bandhavgarh distance is 250 kms, (8 hrs drive).

Other Information about Bandhavgarh Travel:
Clothing: The clothes you should carry with you to Ranthambore are totally opposite depending on the season in which you are visiting it.

Summers: The summers are blisteringly hot and don't expect any let up while you are there. You should expect unrelenting heat day after day if you are there between the months of April and June. With temperatures soaring between 35 and 47 degrees centigrade most of the day, even the lightest of T-shirts feel like warm jackets. Take along your lightest clothes in the summers with the definite inclusion of a cap and dark glasses.

Winters : In the winter season specially November to beginning February, the weather is just the opposite. Morning drives into the park are freezing cold and how many ever layers you wear sometimes feel insufficient. The days however are extremely pleasant and a light sweatshirt is more than sufficent. Evenings and night once again get very chilly. Carrying along a pair of gloves and a muffler is advisable. For those who intend to take photographs in the wee hours of the morning without pressing all the wrong buttons on their cameras, take along a pair of gloves that are thin yet warm and provide for sufficient movement of the hands.

The Bandhavgarh National Park is a jungle consisting mainly of sal trees. Only on higher sides the vegetation changes to sali, saj, saja, dhobin etc.

In the northern region of the park, there are vast stretches of grasslands and bamboo forests. A lot of this is what appears to be young bamboo which can be seen from it's green and slim appearance.

This northern region of the national park also consists of a series of rocky ridges with deep crevices cut by perennial streams. In the south of the park, the extensions, which were included into the park in 1986, consist of low hills covered with forest but interspersed with grasslands that were formerly agricultural land. The central portion of the park which consists of the original 106 square kilometers and the fort, is still the main sighting area. This area consists of 32 hills and also some marshy stretches divided by large grasslands and a few water bodies.